SELECTIVIDAD TIPS

http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/grammar/pautips.html

estructura propuesta rephrasing
Voz activa

They brought a beautiful present for Jim.

pasa a Voz pasiva

Jimwas brought a beautiful present.

voz activa

The doctor is testing my eyes next Friday.

pasa a voz pasiva con “havecausative:

I… am having my eyes tested nex Friday.

Estilo directo:

“I made this cake” said Tom to his friend.

pasa a Estilo Indirecto:

Tomtold his friend that he had made that cake.

Unir dos oraciones:

Beth was very happy. She had passed all her exams.

pasa a con pronombre relativo:

Beth, who had passed all her exams, was very happy.

Unir dos oraciones:

To me, this scenery is desolate. Yet, to them it is rich.

pasa a con conjunción:

Althoughto me, this scenery is desolate, to them it is rich.

unir dos oraciones con condicional

He din’t bring his ID card. He couldn’t enter.

pasa a Oración condicional

If he had brought his ID card, he could have entered.

condicional con If + oración negativa

If he doesn’t phone, he won’t come with us.

pasa a Condicional con unless

Unlesshe comes, he won’t come with us.

uso de los verbos modales

It is possible to control a fear of flying.

pasa a verbo modal

Youcan control a fear of flying.

El subjuntivo

“Why don’t you call me tomorrow?”, he said.

pasa a Oración de subjuntivo

Hesuggested (that) I call/should call him the following day.

verbos seguidos de infinitivo con o sin ‘to’ o de gerundio

Jim doesn’t smoke anymore.

pasa a Gerundio o infinitivo

Jimstopped / gave up smoking.

very + adjetivo (+ sustantivo)

He was very angry. He shouted at me.

pasa a so / such

Hewas so angry that he shouted at me.

too + adjetivo

The ticket was too expensive for him to pay.

pasa a not + adjetivo + enough

The ticketwasn’t cheap enought  for him to pay.

simple past (con “ago“)

I got an e-mail from him two monts ago.

pasa a present perfect (continuous) (con “since” o “for“)

Hehasn’t sent me an e-mail for two months.

deseos / lamentaciones

I regret I wasn’t there when she arrived.

pasa a I wish /If only

I wish… / If only I had been there when she arrived.

comparativo / superlativo

She was very fast. No one won her.
Nobody hired him because he was too old.

pasa a comparativo / superlativo

She was the fastest. No one won her.
If he had been younger, he would have been hired.

verbo en negativa seguido de “any” o sus compuestos

We haven’t see anybody around here.

pasa a verbo en afirmativa seguido de “no” o sus compuestos

We have seen nobody / no one around here.

have never + past participle

He had never been in India before.

pasa a It’s the first time + have + past participle

It’s... the first time he had been in India.

Although / Even though / However

Although he tried hard, he finally had to give up.

pasa a Despite / In spite of

Despite… trying hard, he finally had to give up.
Despite the fact that he tried hard, he finally had to give up.

Oración en pasado con adverbio de frecuencia

At that time I usually slept three hours a night.

pasa a used to / would

At that timeI used to / would sleep three hours a night.

oración en presente indicando frecuencia

They usually take the bus to go to work.

pasa a be used to

Theyare used to taking the bus to go to work.

would prefer

I would prefer her to come alone.

pasa a would rather

Iwould rather she came alone.

consejo

It’s advisable that you reserve in advance.

pasa a should / had better

Youshould / had better reserve in advance.

NEPAL DEADLY EARTHQUAKE

BBC news


Nearly 4,000 are known to have died in a powerful earthquake in Nepal, with many more feared trapped under rubble, officials say.
The 7.8 magnitude quake struck an area between the capital, Kathmandu, and the city of Pokhara, the US Geological Survey said.
Tremors were felt across the region, with further loss of life in India, Bangladesh, Tibet and on Mount Everest.
The government has declared a state of emergency in the affected areas.

Nepali Information Minister Minendra Rijal said there had been “massive damage” at the epicentre, from where little information is emerging.

“We need support from the various international agencies which are more knowledgeable and equipped to handle the kind of emergency we face now,” he said.
Rescuers are digging through the rubble of collapsed buildings in the capital trying to reach survivors, as thousands prepare to spend the night outside as darkness fell. A number of historic buildings have been destroyed.

NEW WORDS

  • RUBBLE                                       DIG THROUGH                                 TRAP
  • STRIKE-struck, stricken               DAMAGE                                             DEBRIS
  • AFTERMATH                                 TO HANDLE                                      COLLAPSE