IF I WERE YOU…CONDITIONALS SENTENCES

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The conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English, for Spanish learners the problem comes when you try to translate our ‘subjunctive’..

There are three types of the if-clauses.

type condition
I condition possible to fulfill
II condition in theory possible to fulfill
III condition not possible to fulfill (too late)

Form

type if clause main clause
I

Simple Present 

 

present/ will-future (or Modal + infinitive)/ imperative                                                               IF I STUDY I PASS/ WILL PASS THE EXAM

II

Simple Past 

 

would + infinitive *

IF I STUDIED I WOULD PASS THE EXAM

III

Past Perfect

 

 

would + have + past participle *

IF I HAD STUDIED I WOULD HAVE PASSED THE EXAM

* We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).

If can be replaced by words or expressions with a similar meaning.

as long as 

assuming (that)

on condition (that)
on the assumption (that)
provided (that)
supposing (that)
unless
with the condition (that)

ONLINE EXERCISES ON CONDITIONALS: self correction

Complete correct tense: type I,II and III click here

Rephrasing click here

more exercises to print click here 

 

 

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